Tuesday, 11 February 2020

Mookambika Temple Karnataka | History of Mokkambika Temple | Kudajadri

Mookambika Temple Karnataka is located at Kollur, Udupi District . It is a Hindu temple dedicated to the mother Goddess known as Mookambika Devi. It is situated in the foothills of Kodachadri hills, on the southern bank of Souparnika River.


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Mookambika Temple Karnataka . This Temple is one of the Shaktipeeths of India. Mookambika Temple is located at Kollur, a village in Udupi district, about 150 km from Mangalore, Karnataka. The Goddess Mookambika is worshiped in the form of Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. Worship of Sarveshwara in the form of MOTHER is a peculiarity of India. Since human relationships are predominant in the mother, the worship of Mother Nature facilitates the realization of truth. Mookambika Devi blesses us in the form of a mother. Mookambikaamma is worshiped as a form of power of Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. The Mahakali destroys our aura of pride, Mahalakshmi brings wealth out of poverty, Maha Saraswathi blesses us to climb the stairs of Vidya and gives us self-realization. Our mother is carrying us through these obligations that are essential to our success in life.  Mother shows us the true state of life and gives us the immortal, sheltered Self Realization



The original idol of Mookambika is the Swayambhoo Jyotirlinga. The Jyotirlinga in the Mookambika Temple is a part of a huge Sri Chakra which extends from Gokarna to Kanyakumari. There is a golden line in the Jyotirlinga. This line divides the Jyotirlinga into two. The small part on the right represents Brahma Vishnu Maheswaran, The greater part of the left represents Mahasaraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali. There is no other temple in which the "Trimurti" and the "Tridevi" are on the same Jyotirlinga.



The idol of Mookambika is behind this Jyotirlinga, here the goddess is decorated with gold chains, gems and silk scarves. The idol was erected by Adi Shankara, On both sides you can see the Devi standing on Lion.



The sanctum is built of Krishna rock. Krishnasila is a mix of blue, green and black colors. There are sculptures also on it. The temple sanctum has a gold shield.The tower has three ridges. In addition to the main dome, there are four smaller domes. It has carvings of gods and goddesses



Inside the temple, the south side you can see the idol of Dasamukha Ganapathi. The Shankarapeedham is behind the shrine. It is here that Sri Shankaracharya performed the penance and manifested Devi. The image of Devi that Sankaracharya seen is now placed behind the Jyotirlinga.



The golden flag and the lampstand are very special.  The lampstand is established on a statue of Turtle.  Below the pillar there is statue of an Elephant and a Ganapthi.  In the all evenings, the lamp is lit at 20 pillars on the stand. The Flag Pillar has many unique features. The Pillar is a square and circular mix. The Pillar is initially rectangular and after that circular in shape. Images of Goddesses is engraved on the flagstone.



The Saraswati Mandapam at the Mookambika Temple is a venue for art and knowledge. It is here that the artists submit their own talents to the Goddess. It is here that the "Vidya Arambham" to impart the first letter of knowledge to the children.



On the western side of the temple, there are the idol of Pranalingeshwara, Partheeswaran, Panchamukhi Ganapathi Chandramauleshwara and Nanjukundeswaran.

On the northwest side are the statues of Anjaneya and Venkitramana. The right of the temple there is Veerabhadra Swamy Temple.



The golden chariot of the Mookambika Temple is very special. The chariot is 106 feet high and 6 feet wide. This chariot made of teak, it is covered with gold, It is in this chariot that the Goddess ascends on Special Days



Poojas are conducted according to the rules fixed by the Adi Shankaracharya. Five Poojas and three Shivalis are performed daily. Priests are required to be married persons.



Rangapuja is one of the special poojas worshiped here. The ritual is performed by making , Vadas, Dosa and Appam and offering them to Bhagavathy. This ritual is a prayer for the farmers to get a good harvest. Kashaya Theertham is one of the most special in mookambika. It is made with peppermint ginger flakes and many other herbs. Taking it will cure the illness. When the Adi Shankaracharya fell ill while doing penance to the Goddess, then Mookambikamma appeared in the form of a little girl and gave him this Kashaya Theertham and The illness was gone. Trimaduram is another important offering of the Mookambika Temple. This is to gain eloquence, intelligence and knowledge of ours. This Trimaduram is distubuted after making pooja for 48 days to Devi Mookambika. Annadanam, serving food, is also done here everyday for all Devotees who come to see their mother



Mookambika Temple is always on festival mood. However, the two main festivals are the Navarathri festival and the yearly festival. On both occasions, many devotees come to the Mookambika to seek the blessings of their mother. The Vijayotsava Kosha Yatra which is located 1 km away from the temple is a highlight of Navratri celebrations.The Brahma Ratha festival, also known as the Maharatha Utsav, is celebrated during the yearly celebrations.



Sauparnika is a river near the Mookambika Temple. There are 64 holy Springs in the Kodachadri Hills.They flow into the stream and turn into small rivers known as Agnitheertham and Kasitheertham. In this Agnitheertham to the north of the Mookambika temple. When it meets the Kasitheertham , its become Souparnika. Load Garuda performed the penance of the Goddess at this river. Therefore the river came to be known as Sauparnika.



A pilgrimage to the Mookambika Temple is not complete without visiting Kudajadri hill. Kodachadri Yatra is the journey that takes us from the ordinary to the extraordinary. Kodachadri is about twenty-five kilometers away. Pilgrimager can reach the Kodachadri by jeep or walk. First we will arrive at a small temple where the Goddess is worshiped with Shaktheya Puja. As you go up again, you can see the small jungle temple where Bhagavathi is worshiped as Umadevi. Ascending from there, you reach the stream called Agastya Pirtha. As you walk a little further, you can see Ganapati Cave, the cave of cold.



After Ganapathi cave , you can see a Mandapam made by Granite. This is the Sarvajya Peedham or the Universal Pedestal. From here you can go down a steep hill to reach Chitramoola. It is a rocky cave on a forested hill.  This is where Sri Adi Shankaracharya performed the penance of the Goddess. This place brings us to the pleasure beyond knowledge and wisdom.


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